City of South Bend
The City of South Bend, Indiana has enacted a Stormwater Ordinance in order to comply with the federal Clean Water Act. The City of South Bend is the permitting authority for all land disturbing activities and requires the land owner to maintain all on-site stormwater control facilities and all open space areas (e.g. parks or “green” areas) required by the approved stormwater control plan. The City of South Bend will only provide construction permits to projects that establish a plan to manage stormwater runoff occurring during the construction process. The City of South Bend, under the NPDES program, also has the authority to inspect properties for noncompliance and can issue a notice of violation (NOV) for any deficiency or infraction onsite. Property owners are responsible for the maintenance of any stormwater facilities or practices located on the property. The City of South Bend has the authority to inspect stormwater facilities and practices in order to ascertain that they properly maintained and functioning.
Excerpt from Stormwater Ordinance
Sec. 17-95. - Monitoring stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity, including construction activity.
(a) The City shall be permitted to enter and inspect facilities subject to regulation under this article as often as may be necessary to determine compliance with this ordinance. If a discharger has security measures in force which require proper identification and clearance before entry into its premises, the discharger shall make the necessary arrangements to allow access to representatives of the authorized enforcement agency.
(b) Facility operators shall allow the City ready access to all parts of the premises for the purposes of inspection, sampling, examination and copying of records that must be kept under the conditions of an NPDES permit to discharge stormwater, and the performance of any additional duties as defined by state and federal law.
(c) The City shall have the right to set up on any permitted facility such devices as are necessary in the opinion of the City to conduct monitoring and/or sampling of the facility's stormwater discharge.
(d) The City has the right to require the discharger to install monitoring equipment as necessary. The facility's sampling and monitoring equipment shall be maintained at all times in a safe and proper operating condition by the discharger at its own expense. All devices used to measure stormwater flow and quality shall be calibrated to ensure their accuracy.
(e) Any temporary or permanent obstruction to safe and easy access to the facility to be inspected and/or sampled shall be promptly removed by the operator at the written or oral request of the City and shall not be replaced. The costs of clearing such access shall be borne by the operator.
(f) Unreasonable delays in allowing the City access to a permitted facility is a violation of a stormwater discharge permit and of this ordinance. A person who is the operator of a facility with an NPDES permit to discharge stormwater associated with industrial activity commits an offense if the person denies the City reasonable access to the permitted facility for the purpose of conducting any activity authorized or required by this ordinance.
(g) If the City has been refused access to any part of the premises from which stormwater is discharged, and he/she is able to demonstrate probable cause to believe that there may be a violation of this ordinance, or that there is a need to inspect and/or sample as part of a routine inspection and sampling program designed to verify compliance with this ordinance or any order issued hereunder, or to protect the overall public health, safety, and welfare of the community, then the City may seek issuance of a search warrant from any court of competent jurisdiction.
Sec. 17-96. - Requirement to prevent, control, and reduce stormwater pollutants by the use of best management practices.
The City will adopt requirements identifying Best Management Practices for any activity, operation, or facility which may cause or contribute to pollution or contamination of stormwater, the storm drain system, or waters of the U.S. The owner or operator of a commercial or industrial establishment shall provide, at their own expense, reasonable protection from accidental discharge of prohibited materials or other wastes into the municipal storm drain system or watercourses through the use of these structural and non-structural BMPs. Further, any person responsible for a property or premise, which is, or may be, the source of an illicit discharge, may be required to implement, at said person's expense, additional structural and non-structural BMPs to prevent the further discharge of pollutants to the municipal separate storm sewer system. Compliance with all terms and conditions of a valid NPDES permit authorizing the discharge of stormwater associated with industrial activity, to the extent practicable, shall be deemed compliance with the provisions of this section. These BMPs shall be part of a stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPP) as necessary for compliance with requirements of the NPDES permit.
(Ord. No. 9542-04, §§ I, II)
Sec. 17-99. - Enforcement.
(a) Whenever the City finds that a person has violated a prohibition or failed to meet a requirement of this article, the authorized enforcement agency may order compliance by written notice of violation to the responsible person. Such notice may require without limitation:
- The performance of monitoring, analyses, and reporting;
- The elimination of illicit connections or discharges;
- That violating discharges, practices, or operations shall cease and desist;
- The abatement or remediation of stormwater pollution or contamination hazards and the restoration of any affected property; and
- Payment of a fine to cover administrative and remediation costs; and
- The implementation of source control or treatment BMPs.
(b) If abatement of a violation and/or restoration of affected property is required, the notice shall set forth a deadline within which such remediation or restoration must be completed. Said notice shall further advise that, should the violator fail to remediate or restore within the established deadline, the work will be done by the City or a contractor and the expense thereof shall be charged to the violator.
(Ord. No. 9542-04, §§ I, II)
Sec. 17-100. - Appeal of notice of violation.
Any person receiving a notice of violation may appeal the determination of the City. The notice of appeal must be received within ten (10) days from the date of the notice of violation. Hearing on the appeal before the City or his/her designee shall take place within fifteen (15) days from the date of receipt of the notice of appeal. The decision of the City or their designee shall be final.
(Ord. No. 9542-04, §§ I, II)
South Bend Ordinance