City of Jacksonville
The City of Jacksonville is in compliance with the Federal Clean Water Act. The City of Jacksonville is the permitting authority for all land disturbing activities and requires the land owner to maintain all on-site stormwater control facilities and all open space areas (e.g. parks or “green” areas) required by the approved stormwater control plan. The City of Jacksonville will only provide construction permits to projects that establish a plan to manage stormwater runoff occurring during the construction process. Stormwater fees will be calculated and collected by the city. Stormwater credits are available for properties that engage in stormwater best management practices. The City of Jacksonville, under the NPDES program, also has the authority to inspect properties for noncompliance and can issue a notice of violation (NOV) for any deficiency or infraction onsite. Property owners are responsible for the maintenance of any stormwater facilities or practices located on the property. The City of Jacksonville has the authority to inspect stormwater facilities and practices in order to ascertain that they properly maintained and functioning.
Stormwater Utility Fee, Credits, & Adjustments
The stormwater fee is based on two elements of a developed piece of property:
- The total square footage of impervious area on a property
- The type of development on the property (Residential or Non-Residential)
When possible, the city analyzed each property individually to confirm/verify impervious area. Otherwise, impervious areas are estimated based on the best data available (usually property records).
All fee rates, both residential and non-residential, are calculated based on the citywide average impervious area of a single-family detached dwelling. This unit of measurement is called an 'SFU,' or single-family unit. The City of Jacksonville's average impervious area for a single family unit equals 3,100 square feet.
To determine the fee for a non-residential property, you must first determine that property's SFUs:
SFUs = Total impervious area ÷ 3,100
Then, multiply the number of SFUs by $5 to determine the monthly fee, and multiply that figure by 12 to determine the annual fee:
Annual Fee = (SFUs x $5) x 12
A property owner may apply for an adjustment if s/he feels the city committed an error in determining his or her fee. Examples of error include misidentifying the property type, applying an incorrect residential category, or miscalculating the impervious area.
The stormwater fee is based on total impervious area on a parcel, which is area on a property that is covered or compacted to such a degree as to not allow rain water to percolate. Types of impervious area include buildings (residences, structures); sidewalks on private property; concrete, asphalt, limerock or gravel driveways; patios; compacted gravel or dirt parking areas; pool decks (not pools), etc.
Structures identified as “garage apartments” will not be charged a separate SFU rate; the impervious area of any such structures will be considered in conjunction with any other residences or other impervious area onsite. All other structures that are identified as either a single family home or mobile home will be charged the appropriate SFU rate for each such structure onsite.
Adjustments will not be granted based on the following:
• Total size or elevation of a property containing impervious area
• A property’s proximity to or lack of city-maintained drainage facilities
• Properties on private roads
• Properties that drain directly into natural waterways
• Properties on a well or piped water, sewer or septic tank
• Any other condition that is not directly related to a property’s total impervious area.
Since the mid-1980s, developers have had to meet increasingly stringent guidelines when it comes to handling both the amount and environmental impacts of stormwater that runs off a piece of property. As a result, most developments built since that time have structures, facilities and/or programs in place that not only meet state and federal regulations, but provide a local benefit by controlling and treating stormwater and educating citizens about issues surrounding stormwater management.
In short, they do a lot of work that the city would ordinarily have to do.
The Stormwater Utility Credits Program was developed to recognize those who are helping the city with its stormwater management by providing discounts on stormwater fees. The values of the available credit options were established as proportional to the level of benefit contributed to the city’s stormwater system.
Each of the options is assigned a credit value, and if more than one option is applied for and approved, they are tallied cumulatively. The total cumulative discount allowed may not exceed 50% of the fee amount, even if the combined value of approved credits is greater.
The single exception to the 50% cap involves situations where a development provides the maximum water quality treatment and volume control possible – essentially, the system is entirely self-contained and does not utilize the city system at all (“landlocked”). In such cases, a property owner would be eligible to receive a 25% bonus credit.
If a property owner will receive or has received a fee adjustment (Section A), s/he may still apply for credits. The cumulative credit value will be applied after the fee is adjusted.
Property owners that wish to apply for more than one type of credit for a property are asked to submit all the applications at one time. Please attach the “Guide to Credit Options” (page 9) with the applications.
Terms and Conditions
• Credits will only be approved if the requirements outlined in the Adjustments & Credits Manual are met, including (but not limited to) completion of ongoing maintenance and guaranteed right-of-entry for inspections.
• Credits will be defined as percent reductions applied to the fee calculation equation.
• Total maximum discount provided will be 50% of the original fee, except in the case of a successful application for the 25% “bonus credit,” in which case the total discount will equal 75% of the original fee.
• Credits will carry over across billing cycles; property owners will not be required to re-apply.
• No public or private property will receive a credit for any condition or activity that is unrelated to the city’s stormwater management system or program.
• Credits will not apply to Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) review and/or inspection fees attributable to new development or redevelopment costs.
• Any BMP (or portion thereof) within a permanent drainage easement or right of way maintained by the city, JEA or Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) will not be eligible for credit.
• Successful application for the Education Credit may not also count as fulfillment of the education option within the Programs & Services Credit.
• Applicants who receive or qualify for the 30% Permitted Stormwater Pond Credit may pursue the Detailed Drainage Study Credit to obtain credit above 30%. The credits do not compound.
Stormwater Credit Types:
Permitted Stormwater Pond (30% Credit) – available for property owners providing a stormwater pond that has been permitted by the St. Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD) or Florida Department of Environmental Protection [Regulation]. Applicants must also attest that the facility was built and has since been maintained according to the original permit.
Detailed Drainage Study (Max 50% Credit) – available for property owners providing stormwater treatment (quality) and/or stormwater volume control (quantity) calculations for a permitted system. If complete stormwater treatment is provided (60% nitrogen removal), the property owner will receive a maximum of 30% credit. If complete stormwater volumetric control is provided (during the 7 hr peak of storm – between 10th & 17th hr), the property owner will receive maximum of 20% credit. This credit may not be compounded with the Permitted Stormwater Pond Credit.
Landlocked System (“Bonus” Credit +25%) – available for property owners that can demonstrate no discharge (per the SJRWMD definition of a “closed system”) and meet the full credit for treatment and volume.
Programs & Services [Non-Structural] (4% Credit) – available for property owners providing water quality programs or services. There are nine (9) service opportunities; the property owner must fulfill six (6) to be awarded credit.
Other Best Management Practices (2% Credit) – available for property owners that have a unique opportunity/approach to improving water quality that is not addressed through other options in the Adjustments & Credits Manual
Jacksonville Stormwater Management Utility Code
Duval County Low-Impact Development Design Manual